Cyber Security

Common Threat Types:

  • Phishing: using e-mails for the express purpose of obtaining personal information (such as passwords or credit card numbers) or manipulating others to perform unauthorized actions (such as bank transfers or purchases).
  • Malware: malicious software such as computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware, key loggers and spyware.
  • Social engineering: the use of deception to manipulate individuals into divulging confidential or personal information that may be used for fraudulent purposes. This would include scareware.

Be prepared:

  • Education and Training (knowing is half the battle, see below)
  • Use Password managers
  • Use Multi Factor Authentication (MFA) where possible
    • CCSF offers this for employee e-mail (send a request via the Help Desk,
    • Google offers it with their accounts. They call it 2 step. (
  • Use malware protection software
  • Follow safe computing practices