Create a Rubric
Developing a rubric can be very helpful when assessing SLOs. Rubricsassist faculty and students to assess complex SLOs more easily. Rubrics clarify the key elements of the SLO and illustrate the standards that will be used to determine success.
Rubrics help instructors teaching different sections of the same
course a standard way to analyze assessments prioviding clearer
communication across multiple sections. When used over multiple
sememsters, rubrics can provide benchmarks against which to measure
and document progress.
A rubric is a set of criteria and a scoring scale that is used to
assess and evaluate students’ work. Often rubrics identify levels or
ranks with criteria indicated for each level. Rubrics can have as few
as two levels of performance or as many as appropriate. SOme may be
as simple as Pass/ NO pass while others can have 3-5 levels.
Advantages of rubrics for instructors
- Objective and consistent among all students
- Leads to insight concerning the effectiveness of
- Clarifies criteria in specific
- Data analysis becomes easier
- Shows areas in need of improvement
- Establishes “ground rules” to resolve potential academic
- Reduces subjectivity involved in
evaluating qualitative work
against which to measure and document progress
- Reduces time necessary to evaluate student work
- Ensures all instructors are measuring work by same
- Promotes connection between student assessment and course objectives
Advantages of rubrics for students
- Helps define “quality”
expectations are clear
- Manner in which to
meet the expectations are clear
- Students can
better judge and revise their own work and assist their peers
- Vehicle for student feedback – promote
- Promotes self
assessment of their own learning and performance
- Leads to improvements in the quality of student work
- Work with others teaching the course – this can take place during in-person meetings, through online collaboration, or a combination of both.
- Break down the SLO and look for key features. These will become the Primary Traits and will go down the side of the rubric
- Decide if you want a “yes/no” measure or one that includes levels. These will become the Levels of Mastery and will go across the top of the rubric
- Describe the observable behaviors that lead to the levels in #2 for each of the Primary Traits. These go in the spaces between the Primary Traits and the Levels of Mastery.
Holistic rubrics provide a single score based on an overall
impression. They tend to be used when a quick or gross judgment needs
to be made. If the assessment is a minor one, such as a brief homework
assignment, it may be sufficient to apply a holistic judgment (e.g.,
check, check-plus, or no-check) to quickly review student work. But
holistic rubrics can also be employed for more substantial
assignments. On some tasks it is not easy to evaluate performance on
one criterion independently of performance on a different criterion.
Demonstrates complete understanding of the problem. All requirements of task are included in response.
Demonstrates considerable understanding of the problem. All requirements of task are included.
Demonstrates partial understanding of the problem. Most of the requirements of task are included.
Demonstrates little understanding of the problem. Many requirements of task are missing.
Demonstrates no understanding of the problem.
No response/task not attempted.
Instructor scores separate, individual parts of the assignment or performance first then sums the individual scores to obtain a final score. Analytic rubrics consists of two components: Criteria (vital traits, key qualities, dimensions) and Levels of Performance.
Analytic rubrics provide useful feedback on areas of strength and
weaknesses and the criterion can be weighed to reflect relative
importance of each criterion.
Levels of Performance
Description reflecting beginning level of performance
Description reflecting movement toward mastery level of performance
Description reflecting achievement of mastery level of performance
Description reflecting highest level of performance
The follwoing questions should be posed when evaluating whether the
rubric being used is effective:
- Does the rubric relate to the outcome(s) being measured?
- Does it cover important criteria for student
- Does the top of the rubric
- Are the criteria and
- Can the rubric be applied consistently by different scorers