ECHO 101 Echocardiography (7)
Credit, Degree Applicable
Cardiac anatomy and physiology. Standard presentation of Two Dimensional (2D) and M-Mode images. Principles and characteristics of color flow Doppler. Color flow, pulse and continuous wave Doppler investigated and applied to normal and abnormal cardiac ultrasound studies. Disease states relationship to ultrasound findings and calculations will be used to determine severity.
Students must submit an application and be accepted into the CVT Program prior to registration.
Offered in alternate Fall semesters
After successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
- Outcome 1: Identify all cardiac structures
- Outcome 2: Describe the cardiac cycle phases of diastole and systole.
- Outcome 3: Explain the parameters that are used to determine cardiac performance: cardiac output, stroke volume and ejection fraction
- Outcome 4: Draw and identify the normal pressure wave curves obtained for each cardiac chamber
- Outcome 5: Know the location of each standard imaging window
- Outcome 6: Identify cardiac structures and performance in the standard 2D echocardiographic images.
- Outcome 7: Describe the normal function of each chamber and valve as seen in each echo view.
- Outcome 8: Explain the normal M-Mode appearance of each cardiac valve and the normal range of measurements.
- Outcome 9: Know the fundamentals of Doppler physics: Doppler principle, Doppler shift.
- Outcome 10: Define the concepts and advantages of pulse wave Doppler: range gating, sample volume, Nyquist limits, and aliasing
- Outcome 11: Describe the locations of each location used for pulse wave Doppler assessment, the predicted normal values, and correlation with cardiac cycle
- Outcome 12: Define the concepts of continuous wave Doppler and its advantages and disadvantages
- Outcome 13: Explain the concepts of the physics of color flow Doppler, the typical color and presentations found in normal and abnormal cardiac pathology.
- Outcome 14: Manipulate the transducer to obtain optimal images on patients
- Outcome 15: Incorporate instrumentation controls to enhance cardiac images: depth, gray scales.
- Outcome 16: Understand transducer technology
- Outcome 17: Recall and manipulate software programs to analyze cardiac performance and valvular abnormalities
- Outcome 18: State the etiologies, 2D and Doppler findings for aortic stenosis.
- Outcome 19: Describe the formulas used to evaluate stenosis: Bernoulli and continuity equations
- Outcome 20: State the etiologies, 2D and Doppler findings for mitral valve abnormalities: mitral stenosis, prolapsed, mitral annular calcification
- Outcome 21: Describe the formulas used to evaluated mitral abnormalities: pressure half time.
- Outcome 22: Describe procedure to ensure patient comfort and safety