Citing Information Sources

Any words, ideas or images that you do not create yourself must be properly credited to avoid plagiarism. 

Citing information sources acknowledges the origin of your information and it provides support and credibility to your work by showing evidence of your research.

A citation is a reference to the source of an idea, information or image.  It typically includes enough identifying information, such as the author, title, date,  publication format, etc.

The links below provide examples of citations using the MLA and APA formats for print and online sources.


Students and faculty can create a NoodleTools account using their CCSF Gmail login. Click on the NoodleTools link above. From the NoodleTools login page, enter your CCSF Google email, and click Sign on with Google. After logging in, you will be prompted to create a new NoodleTools account or link to your previous CCSF NoodleTools account. The handout above provides more instructions. The register button on sign in page no longer applies to CCSF users. Do not use it to create a new account. All accounts, new or old, are accessed by signing in with Google.


Modern Language Association (MLA)

American Psychological Association (APA)

The Chicago Manual of Style