NOTE: click here if you get an empty page.


CAT(1)                           User Commands                          CAT(1)

NAME

cat - concatenate files and print on the standard output

SYNOPSIS

cat [OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION

Concatenate FILE(s), or standard input, to standard output. -A, --show-all equivalent to -vET -b, --number-nonblank number nonempty output lines -e equivalent to -vE -E, --show-ends display $ at end of each line -n, --number number all output lines -s, --squeeze-blank suppress repeated empty output lines -t equivalent to -vT -T, --show-tabs display TAB characters as ^I -u (ignored) -v, --show-nonprinting use ^ and M- notation, except for LFD and TAB --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

EXAMPLES

cat f - g Output f's contents, then standard input, then g's contents. cat Copy standard input to standard output.

AUTHOR

Written by Torbjorn Granlund and Richard M. Stallman.

REPORTING BUGS

Report cat bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/> Report cat translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO

The full documentation for cat is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and cat programs are properly installed at your site, the com- mand info coreutils 'cat invocation' should give you access to the complete manual. GNU coreutils 8.4 July 2014 CAT(1)