Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

an American legend

Reading

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the most important leader of the American civil rights movement. He helped unite a nation with his powerful speeches and use of non-violent protests. His 1963 “I Have a Dream” speech is one of the greatest in human history. King’s efforts to end racial discrimination earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

King was born in 1929 in Atlanta. His father was a reverend and so King had a religious upbringing. He graduated from college with a degree and a Ph.D. in religious studies. King went to India to visit Gandhi’s family. He was inspired by Mohandas Gandhi's success with non-violent resistance and saw it as a “potent weapon” in America’s struggle for civil rights.

King was instrumental in achieving many successes in ending segregation laws. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott which ended racial segregation on public buses in Montgomery. He realized that non-violent protest would attract extensive media coverage of the struggle for racial equality. His campaigns soon elevated the Civil Rights Movement to be the most important issue in American politics.

King helped organize the famous Million Man March on Washington in 1963, where he spoke to the nation appealing for racial harmony. His non-violent protests met with success as Congress passed civil rights laws (1964) and voting rights laws (1965). King’s friendship with President John F. Kennedy also helped his cause. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968.



Synonym Match

Match the words from the article on the left with their synonyms on the right.
1. unite
2. protests
3. discrimination
4. inspired
5. potent
6. struggle



7. instrumental
8. realized
9. extensive
10. appealing
11. cause
12. assassinated
a. racism
b. battle
c. demonstrations
d. powerful
e. join
f. motivated



g. mission
h. wide
i. understood
j. important
k. killed
l. asking


Phrase Match

Match the following phrases from the article:
1. leader of the American civil
2. He helped unite a nation with
3. end racial
4. King had a religious
5. inspired by Mohandas Gandhi's success
6. ending segregation
7. attract extensive media
8. the most important issue
9. he spoke to the nation appealing
10. His non-violent protests met
a. discrimination
b. with non-violent resistance
c. with success
d. laws
e. his powerfulspeeches
f. in American politics
g. for racial harmony
h. upbringing
i. rights movement
j. coverage


Listening Exercise

Fill in the blanks with the words you hear.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the most important ________________ American civil rights movement. He helped ________________ his powerful speeches and use of non-violent protests. His 1963 “I Have a Dream” ________________ the greatest in human history. King’s efforts to end racial discrimination ________________ Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

King was born in 1929 in Atlanta. His father was a reverend and so King had a ________________. He graduated from college with a degree and a Ph.D. in religious studies. King went to India to visit Gandhi’s family. He ________________ Mohandas Gandhi's success with ________________ and saw it as a “potent weapon” in America’s ________________ rights.

King was instrumental __________________ successes in ending segregation laws. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott which ________________ segregation on public buses in Montgomery. He realized that non-violent protest would ________________ media coverage of the struggle for racial equality. His campaigns soon elevated the Civil Rights Movement to be the most ________________ American politics.

King ________________ famous Million Man March on Washington in 1963, where he spoke to the ________________ for racial harmony. His non-violent protests met with success as Congress passed civil rights laws (1964) and ________________ (1965). King’s friendship with President John F. Kennedy also ________________. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968.



Choose the corect word form

Circle the correct word in each pair of bold words.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the most important leadership / leader of the American civil rights movement. He helped unite / uniting a nation with his powerful speeches and use of non-violent protests. His 1963 “I Have a Dream” speech is one of the great / greatest in human history. King’s efforts to end races /racial discrimination earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

King was born in 1929 in Atlanta. His father was a reverend and so King had a religious / religion upbringing. He graduated from college with a degree and a Ph.D. in religious students / studies. King went to India to visit Gandhi’s family. He was inspire / inspired by Mohandas Gandhi's successful /success with non-violent resist / resistance and saw it as a “potent weapon” in America’s struggle for civil rights.

King was instrumental / instrument in achieving many successes in ending segregation laws. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott which ended racial segregation on public buses in Montgomery. He reality / realized that non-violent protest would attracted / attract extensive media coverage of the struggle / struggling for racial equality. His campaigns soon elevated the Civil Rights Movement to be the most important issue in American politics.

King helped organize the famous / fame Million Man March on Washington in 1963, where he spoke to the national / nation appealing for racial harmony. His non-violent protests meet / met with success as Congress passed civil rights laws (1964) and voting rights laws (1965). King’s friendship with President John F. Kennedy also helped his cause. King was assassinate / assassinated on April 4, 1968.


Spelling

The jumbled words are from the text. Spell them correctly.

  1. powerful esecepsh _____________________

  2. use of non-violent rsptstoe

  3. the greatest in anumh history

  4. readne him the Nobel Peace Prize

  5. King had a useoirigl upbringing

  6. a deeerg ____________________ and a Ph.D.

  7. He was espidnri ____________________ by Mohandas Gandhi's success

  8. America’s esgltgru ____________________ for civil rights

  9. ndgnie ____________________ segregation laws

  10. attract extensive emdai ____________________ coverage


  11. the most important uises ____________________

  12. King helped oirzngea ____________________ the famous Million Man March

  13. appealing for racial yhaonrm ____________________

  14. King’s nprfhsdiie ____________________ with President John F. Kennedy




Put the Text Back Together

Number these lines in the correct order. The first one is done for you.


( ) of the greatest in human history. King’s efforts to end racial discrimination earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

( ) college with a degree and a Ph.D. in religious studies. King went to India to visit Gandhi’s family. He was inspired

( ) nation with his powerful speeches and use of non-violent protests. His 1963 “I Have a Dream” speech is one

( ) equality. His campaigns soon elevated the Civil Rights Movement to be the most important issue in American politics.

( ) laws. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott which ended racial segregation on public buses in Montgomery. He realized

( 1 ) Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was the most important leader of the American civil rights movement. He helped unite a

( ) King was instrumental in achieving many successes in ending segregation

( ) that non-violent protest would attract extensive media coverage of the struggle for racial

( ) King was born in 1929 in Atlanta. His father was a reverend and so King had a religious upbringing. He graduated from

( ) by Mohandas Gandhi's success with non-violent resistance and saw it as a “potent weapon” in America’s struggle for civil rights.

( ) rights laws (1964) and voting rights laws (1965). King’s friendship with President John F. Kennedy also helped

( ) his cause. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968. Stevie Wonder pays tribute to King with his song "Happy Birthday".

( ) King helped organize the famous Million Man March on Washington in 1963, where he spoke

( ) to the nation appealing for racial harmony. His non-violent protests met with success as Congress passed civil


Scrambled Sentences

With your partner, put the words back into the correct order.


1. of American rights leader the civil movement

2. with helped his unite powerful a speeches nation He

3. Dream “ ” I speech Have His a 1963

4. by Gandhi's He inspired Mohandas success was

5. struggle rights for America’s civil

6. for struggle the of coverage media equality racial

7. important in politics most issue American the

8. famous the organize helped King March Man Million

9. to racial the harmony nation he appealing spoke for

10. with to pays Stevie his King tribute Wonder song



Organizing Ideas

With a partner, write the answers to these questions:

1. What did you learn about Martin Luther King?


2. What would you like to know about Martin Luther King and why?


3. If you could interview King, what would you ask him?


4. Why is King a national hero?



Writing

Write a paragraph about Martin Luther King for 20 minutes. Show your partner your paper. Correct each other’s work.


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