Mahatma Gandhi

a national hero

Reading

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important political and spiritual leader. He is honoured in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have inspired civil rights movements across the globe. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew up surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study law. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer but was hampered by British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class citizen by white people. This awakened in him questions about social justice and the role of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work the concept of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tirelessly to set India free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.



Synonym Match

Match the words from the article on the left with their synonyms on the right.
1. protests
2. icon
3. commemorated
4. compassion
5. tolerance
6. hampered



7. hardship
8. treated
9. resistance
10. tirelessly
11. unrest
12. assassinated
a. acceptance
b. remembered
c. blocked
d. demonstrations
e. symbol
f. care



g. dealt with
h. enthusiastically
i. killed
j. suffering
k. struggle
l. disorder


Phrase Match

Match the following phrases from the article:
1. India’s most important political
2. His non-violent protests led to
3. His beliefs and actions have inspired
4. surrounded
5. hampered by British
6. Gandhi faced discrimination and
7. He was treated as a
8. the concept of passive
9. leading protests against
10. arrested and imprisoned
a. civil rights movements
b. for creating unrest
c. hardship wherever he went
d. and spiritual leader
e. resistance
f. British taxes and landlords
g. by religious traditions
h. independence for India
i. officials
j. third-class citizen


Listening Exercise

Fill in the blanks with the words you hear.

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important _____________ spiritual leader. He is honoured in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent _____________ to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have _____________ rights movements across the globe. He _____________ world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. _____________ surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and _____________ all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London _____________. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer but was _____________ British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination _____________ wherever he went. He was treated as a ________________ by white people. This awakened in him questions about social justice and _____________ British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work _____________ passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned ________________ India free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxes _____________, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and _____________ creating unrest. Gandhi's fame ________________ the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.



Choose the corect word form

Circle the correct word in each pair of bold words.

Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important politics / political and spiritual leader. He is honored / honor in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have inspired civilian / civil rights movements across the globe. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non- Violence / Violent.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew / grown up surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study lawyer / law. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer but was hampered by British officials, so he accept / accepted a job in South Africa.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hard / hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class citizen by white people. This wake / woke up in him questions about society / social justice and the role of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work / working the concept of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tiredness / tirelessly to set India freedom / free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxed / taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent / independence republic.


Spelling

The jumbled words are from the text. Spell them correctly.

  1. political and prulsitai ____________________ leader

  2. His lesebfi ____________________ and actions

  3. inspired civil risgth ____________________ movements

  4. the International Day of Non-elceiVno ____________________

  5. religious rdtoinstai ____________________

  6. lrtecaeno ____________________ for all people

  7. He returned to India to practice as a awreyl ____________________

  8. he etcdaepc ____________________ a job in South Africa

  9. Gandhi faced discrimination and hidrhsap ____________________

  10. treated as a third-class ieztnic ____________________

  11. social esjtcui ____________________

  12. the eopctnc ____________________ of passive resistance

  13. Gandhi campaigned lsleetrisy ____________________

  14. He started by leading potestsr ____________________ against British taxes

  15. Gandhi's fame spread all over the tnoina ____________________

  16. India became an independent priuclbe ____________________



Put the Text Back Together

Number these lines in the correct order. The first one is done for you.


( ) protests against British taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging

( ) to India to practice as a lawyer but was hampered by British officials, so he accepted a job in South Africa.

( ) 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

( ) of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.

( ) and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study law. He returned

( ) non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all

( ) Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and

( 1 ) Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi was India’s most important political and spiritual leader. He is honored in India as

( ) of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work the concept

( ) In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class

( ) citizen by white people. This awakened in him questions about social justice and the role

( ) actions have inspired civil rights movements across the globe. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday,

( ) Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew up surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism,

( ) Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tirelessly to set India free from British rule. He started by leading

( ) over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.


Scrambled Sentences

With your partner, put the words back into the correct order.


1. non violent lead independence - protests to

2. His inspired beliefs civil and rights actions movements have

3. an of peace is icon world He

4. grew surrounded religious He up by traditions

5. as to a India lawyer to He practice returned

6. discrimination faced Gandhi went he wherever hardship and

7. treated was He people white by citizen class - third a as

8. leading British protests taxes against

9. and arrested was He unrest creating for imprisoned

10. nation fame all the Gandhi's spread over



Organizing Ideas

With a partner, write the answers to these questions:

1. What did you learn about Mahatma Gandhi?


2. What would you like to know about Mahatma Gandhi and why?


3. If you could interview Gandhi, what would you ask him?


4. Why is Ganhi a national hero?



Writing

Write a paragraph about Mahatma Gandhi for 20 minutes. Show your partner your paper. Correct each other’s work.


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