Answers to the Pre-Lecture/Post-Lecture Test Questions

1. Whatís a mural?

A mural is a painting that is painted directly on the wall and becomes part of the building or architecture. (Latin word murus means wall)

A mural often has a theme expressing the community that itís in: concerns, values, hopes, etc. (See Austin Whiteís Historical Perspective at

2. Who was Diego Rivera?

Diego Rivera was a Mexican painter especially famous for his murals, which began a revivial of mural or fresco painting in Latin America.

3. Where is the Diego Rivera Theatre?

The Diego Rivera Theatre is on the Phelan Campus of City College of San Francisco. (If you teach on the Phelan Campus, you can be more specific about where on campus.)

4. What famous mural is in the Diego Rivera Theatre?

Riveraís Mural of Pan American Unity is in the Diego Rivera Theatre.

5. When was it painted?

It was painted in 1940 as part of the Art in Action Exhibit at the Golden Gate International Exposition on Treasure Island.

6. What important people, places, and events in history does the mural show? (SF/US/Mexican/South American history, inventions, constructions, explorations)

SF: The Golden Gate Bridge and the Oakland Bay Bridge, Alcatraz, Treasure Island, , Timothy Pflueger (a famous SF architect), panning for gold, etc. (See

US: Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, John Brown

Mexican: Morelos and Hidalgo

South American: Bolivar

European: Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin

Inventions: Morseís telegraph, Fultonís steamboat, Edisonís lightbulb and phonograph, Fordís car

Constructions: Golden Gate Bridge, Oakland Bay Bridge, Treasure Island (man-made), wine press, Shasta Dam, hydrallic mines, etc.

Explorations: Westward movement

7. What are some themes in the mural?

The changing images of the Native American (from Aztec/Mayan/Toltec/Olmec glory and creative genius to Cigar Store Indian and common laborer)

Womenís roles (Tehuantepec sculptress and matriarch, actress, painter, pioneer mother, seamstress, sportswoman)

Technology (machines, inventors)

Liberators and tyrants (Morelos, Hidalgo, Bolivar, Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, John Brown versus Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini)

Geological phenomena/natural resources (Mt. Popocateptl/Mt. Shasta, mining for gold, etc.)

Mythology and science (Coatlicue and Quetzalcoatl, Ford, Edison, Morse)