City College of San Francisco Copyright Information
CCSF requires all employees and students to comply with state and federal
laws applicable to copyright. Applicable copyright laws and license
agreement provisions shall be observed with respect to the acquisition,
use, production and distribution of protected materials in any format
or medium in all San Francisco Community College District facilities.
The legal and insurance protection of the District will not be extended
to employees and students who knowingly violate such provisions. (adapted
from District Policy Manual 8.10 Jan. 10, 1984) http://www.ccsf.edu/BOT/Board_Policies/bp8_10.pdf
Employees and students are prohibited from copying materials
not specifically allowed by the:
- Copyright law,
- Fair use guidelines,
- Licenses or contractual agreements, or
- Other permission.
What are the penalties?
Federal copyright law protects “original works of authorship
fixed in any tangible medium,” which includes works of literature,
music, drama, film, sculpture, visual art, architecture, and other creative
media. (Title 17, U.S.Code, Section 101.) Most works published after
1923 (except those authored by the U.S. Government) should be presumed
to be copyright protected, unless there is information or notice from
the copyright holder that the work is in the public domain Works published
prior to March 1, 1989, generally require a copyright notice to be protected,
but those published on or after March 1, 1989 are not required for copyright
Office Circular 22 explains how to determine the copyright status
of a work.
Suggested Copyright statement for CCSF course syllabi or websites:
"The materials in this course are only for the use of students enrolled in the course for purposes associated with the course. Copyrighted course materials may not be retained or further disseminated. Learn more about copyright restrictions at the CCSF Copyright Information Web llink at http://www.ccsf.edu.
is Fair Use?
"Fair use is a copyright principle based on the belief that the
public is entitled to freely use portions of copyrighted materials for
purposes of commentary and criticism."(Chapter 9 Fair Use"
Copyright and Fair Use Web page, Stanford University Libraries.) Select
the link above, "What is Fair Use?" for information about
the four factors commonly used
to determine fair use and links to more information about
fair use. If you are not certain if your materials meet the fair use
guidelines, consult with City College of San Francisco's Dean of Library
and Learning Resources.
- Permission is needed if the work is protected and does not qualify
under fair use, or the work has not been licensed for use online. Refer
to the University
of Texas’s Web page “Getting Permission” for a
list with links of organizations/companies that help you obtain permission.
See also #1 Academic Coursepacks.
- The CCSF Bookstore provides assistance with getting permission for
their academic course-paks service.
CCSF Forms Related to Copyright
Types of Works
of Copyright and Fair Use Guides for Teachers – This
2002 handy chart from Technology and Learning includes print,
still visuals, video, music, software, television and Internet sources.
The following categories are linked to explanations about what is allowed
under fair use guidelines.
Learning | Images | Multi-Media
Projects| Music| Other Audio|
Software| Television | Text|
Music - Printed, recorded, performed.
Coursepacks - Printed materials, which
may or may not be copyrighted, that are duplicated and sold by bookstores
and copy service companies.
- Distance Learning
and the TEACH Act of 2002 - The Technology, Education,
and Copyright Harmonization Act (TEACH Act) updates Copyright Law,
"expanding somewhat the scope of educators' rights to perform and
display works and to make the copies to such performances and displays
integral for digital distance education."
Projects for Classroom Use - Guidelines
for the fair use, duplication, distribution, downloading, future use,
integrity and reproduction or decompilation (computer programs) of multimedia
in the classroom, and in classroom projects. http://www.utsystem.edu/ogc/intellectualproperty/ccmcguid.htm#2
- see #4 Multi-Media Projects for Classroom
Use . Departments may already have made agreements governing reproduction
of audio materials that accompany textbooks. Contact the publisher’s
representative, department chair, or in the case of audio used for Foreign
Language Department courses, contact the Language Center Coordinator
and Database License Agreements - Copyrighted
software may be copied without the copyright owner’s permission,
according to Section 117 of the Copyright Act, which permits making
an archival back-up copy. Most software is licensed; consult the license
agreement. For more information see the Software
and Database License Agreements Checklist prepared by University
of Texas. http://www.utsystem.edu/OGC/IntellectualProperty/dbckfrm1.htm
and recorded music
- Performed music - CCSF has an agreement governing
performances of works by artists represented by Broadcast
Music, Inc. (BMI). Call the Director of Administrative
Services at 241-2327.
Television and Broadcasting –
Fair use allows non-profit educational institutions to record off-air
and present to students television programs transmitted by network television,
cable, satellite, and broadcast with restrictions. Please see the following
links for more details.
Materials for Classroom Use - Instructors are allowed to
photocopy or reproduce text materials to distribute in class, but there
are several restrictions for reproducing said materials.
Video - Includes video materials on
VHS, DVD, and other formats, rented, borrowed, or purchased.
For More Information
In addition to the excellent copyright Web sites of the University
of Texas and Stanford University Libraries, the following organizations
provide information about copyright:
Acknowledgement is made to the University of Texas Copyright
Website and Stanford University Libraries for some of the information
and many of the links.