Profile of CCSF Students Who are Welfare Recipients
By Robert Gabriner and Pamela Mery,
Office of Research
As a result of recent federal and state legislation,
individuals receiving TANF (Temporary Aid to needy Families) funds must
find employment within 18 months of establishing a work and education plan
with the Department of Human Services. CCSF will be receiving funding
from both the federal and state governments (over $2 million this year)
to provide education, training and support for TANF students who are referred
to the college by the Department of Human Services.
There are two categories of TANF recipients who will
be enrolling in CCSF programs: those who are formally referred to
CCSF by a DHS case worker and those who are already enrolled in a
program at the college (the so-called self-initiated program students—SIP).
In either case, the students will have only limited time to complete a
course of study and find employment before their TANF funding runs out.
Through an examination of the profile of the Spring 1997 students, the
college will be able to customize programs and services to this CCSF population.
CCSF’s CalWORKs Program application has begun to address such customizations.
A significant number of TANF recipients are already
students in our credit and noncredit courses (SIP students): 2316
TANF recipients were also CCSF students enrolled in Spring 1997.
Initially, the San Francisco Department of Human Resources provided the
CCSF Office of Research with a dataset that indicated there were over 7000
TANF recipients at CCSF, but when DHS reran the data they discovered that
they had mistakenly used all 15 years of their database (both active and
inactive case files) rather than selecting for Spring 1997 recipients only.
What follows is a summary profile of the 2316 self-initiated TANF recipients
who enrolled in Spring 1997 CCSF courses. A comprehensive report
will be available from the Office of Research in January 1998.
Where are TANF students enrolled?
73% enrolled only in noncredit during the Spring 1997 term. 23% enrolled
exclusively in credit. 4% enrolled in both.
What are the demographic characteristics of this population? (See
Gender: Most TANF recipients are female, although there are single-male
parents and dual parent families receiving TANF
Ethnicity: Compared to DHS figures for TANF recipients, CCSF serves
significantly higher percentages of white and lower percentages of African
American TANF students. Asian American percentages were similar the
DHS’s percentage (slightly higher in noncredit). Figures for Latina/os
were similar for credit but lower for noncredit.
Age: The average TANF recipient is older than other CCSF students.
Most TANF students are in the 30-49 year old age bracket.
Where do CCSF TANF students live in SF?
Most TANF students come from 16 zip codes in SF. The DHS gets its
clientele from these same zip codes, but in different percentages.
CCSF’s largest draw is from the Outer Richmond (DHS’s 11th highest).
Bayview is their 1st highest; it is our 5th highest.
Which campuses do they attend?
John Adams draws the highest number of TANF students—over 800 of the 2316
took at least one class listed at John Adams. Alemany and Phelan
serve approximately 400 noncredit and 500 credit students respectively.
Chinatown, Downtown, Mission and Southeast campuses serve roughly 100-200
TANF students each.
What courses are TANF students taking?
ESL and English are the most taken course areas. For noncredit, 68%
of students enrolled in ESL. In credit, 32% are enrolled in English
and 27% are enrolled in ESL. (Some may be enrolled in both English
and ESL.) (See graphics for other areas of high enrollment.)
Are TANF students enrolled in occupational programs?
More than half of credit and 22% of noncredit TANF students enrolled in
at least one advanced or clearly occupational credit course (per the state’s
How long have TANF students been attending CCSF? (See graphics.)
Semesters of attendance appear to be largely similar when comparing TANF
students and other CCSF students. Many TANF students have been at
CCSF a number of semesters. Over 100 credit and 400 noncredit TANF
students enrolled for the first time in Spring 1997. Credit TANF
students have attempted and passed more units than other credit students.
How well do TANF students perform compared to other CCSF students?
The average GPA for TANF students is just below that for all other
CCSF students. This is typical of TANF students across the state,
according to a new study done by the State Chancellor’s Office.