Pharmacy Technician Subject Guide
guides are designed to help students begin the research process,
find reputable sources, and save time.
the Library Catalog for Books & Other Materials
To locate books
and other materials in CCSF Libraries, select the Library
Catalog from the Library's Homepage. You will notice
many ways to search, such as Title, Author, Subject, Subject Keyword,
Examples of Subject searches include: Pharmacy technicians; Drugs--Dosage;
Pharmacy--Vocational guidance; Drug interactions; Drug stability; Drugs--Administration; Drugs--Side effects
include books, sample tests, class notes, and other items that instructors
put at the library for class use. The check out time is shorter
than regular circulating books.
To search for
a book on reserve in the Library
Catalog, select from the pulldown menu, either Reserve
Materials by Course or Reserve Materials by Instructor.
When you have
located the materials, write down the Call Number and Title and
present this to a staff person at the Circulation Desk.
the Library Collection
the Library are shelved by call number according to the Library
of Congress classification system. Books are arranged on
the shelves by subject.
areas in the collection to find materials on Pharmacology include:
CALL NUMBER RANGE
Pharmacy and materia medica
Key Reference Sources
provide background information and overviews on a given topic. Some
relevant reference books in Pharmacology include:
Basic Drug Information Reference Books
: drug forms, dosage forms, patient information, etc.
(first places to check for further information, when presented a medication/prescription)
American Drug Index
St. Louis, MO: Facts and Comparisons.
RS355 .A48 (year) in John Adams Reference and Rosenberg Reference
Listing of 20,000 brand and/or generic drugs with dose, dosage form, manufacturer,
availability, and use. Published annually. http://www.factsandcomparisons.com
AHFS drug information
McEvoy, G. K., et al. (Eds.). Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists.
RS131.2 .A47 in John Adams Reference and Rosenberg Reference
Lists 1400 drug monographs covering 50,000 items with information on indications, pharmacokinetics,
drug interactions, and therapeutic dosages. Published annually. http://www.ashp.org
Drug Facts and Comparisons.
Kastrup, E. R., et al..St Louis, MO: Facts and Comparisons.
RM300 .F33 2000 in John Adams Reference
Lists 16,000 Rx items and 6,000 OTC items in monograph and table format so comparison between
drug categories can be facilitated. Updated monthly.
Drug Preparation Reference Books
Covering Prescription Management, Compounding, Pharmacy Math and Dosage
Calculation, IV Admixture Preparation, Reconstitution and Labeling Issues, etc.
Handbook of nonprescription drugs (12th ed.).
Allen, L. V., et al. (Eds.). (2000).
Washington, DC: American Pharmaceutical Association.
RM671 .A1 H34 2000 in John Adams Reference and Rosenberg Reference
American Pharmaceutical Association book on OTC drugs
Training Manual for Intravenous Admixture Personnel (5th ed.).
Hunt, M. L. Chicago: Baxter, 1995.
John Adams Reserve
A self tutorial for technicians to learn proper aseptic technique for sterile compounding
Remington’s pharmaceutical sciences (20th ed.).
Gennaro, A. R., et al. (Eds.). Easton, PA: Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science, 2000?
RS91 .R45 2000 in John Adams Reference
Book is the essential resource which pharmacists depend for resolving compounding concerns
Pharmaceutical calculations (11th ed.).
Stoklosa, M. J. & H. C. Ansel. Baltimore,
MD: Williams & Wilkins, 2001?
Available in the John Adams pharm tech lab. Prior edition RS57 .S86 1996 in John Adams Reference
Complete compilation of pharmacy math used in community and hospital pharmacy practices.
Handbook on injectable drugs (11th ed).
Trissel, L. A. Bethesda, MD: American
Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 2001
RM143 .T74 2001 in John Adams Reference
Lists IV drugs in monograph form which facilitates stability and compatibility review. http://www.ashp.org
for Articles in Periodical Databases
databases group together journal, magazine, and newspaper articles
by subject. They also usually provide abstracts (brief summaries)
and the full text of the articles. Do you need help identifying
the differences between scholarly
journal v. popular magazine articles?
databases are part of the private, passworded Web, so you
will need to have a current CCSF ID card with a barcode to access
those that CCSF subscribes to. You get the free barcode from the
Library either in person or online.
More information about obtaining a library bar code.
Infotrac is a brand name for several databases with coverage from 1980 to the present.
Most useful for pharmacology topics is the InfoTrac Health Reference Center and Health & Wellness
Resource Center These databases let you limit your results to articles only from scholarly journals
by checking the box "Refereed titles."
For information about pharmaceutical companies, the InfoTrac Business and Company Research is especially useful.
Journals and professional magazines offer current news and developments in the
pharmacy field and are published more frequently than books. Feel free to explore
the following titles for up-to-date information on a variety of pharmacy and health topics.
Note: The online versions of these journals and professional magazines may require
subscriptions and provide selected feature articles so it is best to check the copies
in the library for complete issues.
DrugTopics.Com.: The Online News Magazine for Pharmacists
brief news articles about the pharmacy industry, new medications, etc., with
links to online Continuing Education courses. Searchable.
Journal of Pharmacy Technology
Research journal with peer-reviewed articles about variety of topics including:
Reviews of drugs and disease states, case studeies, innovative technologies and
systems in pratice, supervision and management, legal updates and more.
This online version of peer-reviewed research journal has article abstracts only.
(The John Adams library has a subscription to this journal). From the Pharmacy Technician Educators Council.
News, feature articles about pharmacy practice from the print version of this magazine,
patient education articles, updates on drugs, and links to online Continuing education sites. Searchable
Online version of monthly journal with peer-reviewed clinical articles
relevant to contemporary pharmacy practice in a variety of settings.”
Also includes links to online Continuing Education sites. U.S. Pharmacist
is “approved by the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education
as a provider of continuing pharmaceutical education”
Finding Authoritative Health Care Web Resources
are some examples of authoritative health care resources.
If you use a search engine, such as Google,
remember to evaluate
the quality of the results.
Center for Disease Control
Extensive information about health and disease, from the federal Center for Disease Center
Food and Drug Administration
The Drugs link on this site provides extensive information,
such as theDrugs Approvalslist (for FDA approved drugs), the
National Drug Code Directory, regulatory information, and extensive
links to OTC and prescription drug information for health professionals and patients.
National Institutes of Health
General health information about health, and news about current developments in medicine.
The Web site for the federal National Library of Medicine.
Witb links to medical literature databases and health information for consumers.
MEDLINEplus: Medical Dictionary
Searchable medical dictionary. From the MEDLINEplus website
which as extensive information from the National Institutes of Health
Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy
Searchable, online version of the 17th (1999) edition of this general medical text
Features MedMaster, a searchable drug information database based
on ASHP's Medication Teaching Manual: The Guide to Patient Drug
Information. Also includes drug administration information for patients.
From the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP).
AAPT: American Association of Pharmacy Technicians
Information about the AAPT, with conference announcements and links
to continuing education and certification prep sites for pharmacy
American Pharmaceutical Association
The Web site for the American Pharmaceutical Association (APhA), the national professional society of pharmacists,
“the first established and largest professional association of pharmacists in the United States.” News and iformation about the APHA, links to FDA updates and drug recall announcements, plus online version of the association’s peer-reviewd. Journal of the American Pharmacists
American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
This professional organization represents pharmacists employed in hospitals, HMOs, long-term care facilities,
and other parts of the health care system. Features
the AHFS Drug Information site of a database of current drug information.
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
This organization evaluates and accredits health care organizations and programs in the
United States—pharmacy services considered in these evaluation.
The site provides an overview of the JCAHO’s programs.
National Association of Boards of Pharmacy
“The National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP®) is the only professional association that
represents the state boards of pharmacy in all 50 United States”.
The site includes pharmacists licensure information and exam preparation.
United States Pharmacopeia
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) “establishes state-of-the-art standards to ensure the quality of
medicines for human and veterinary use.” Features updates to USP’s drug monographs, subscription information
for the USP 26–NF 21.
Pharmaceutical Manufacturers or Suppliers or Vendors
Web portal for this drug distributor for the pharmacies and the health care industry, with online order services.
Web site for this pharmaceutical manufacturer, a “global leader in the
manufacturing\and marketing of systems for the delivery of injectable drugs.”
“Paddock is a high volume manufacturer of bioequivalent generic pharmaceuticals and OTC specialty products.”
Site includes full-text digests, including Secundem Artem which covers pharmaceutical compounding.
Web site for Pyxis, a manufacturer of medication, supply and information management systems.
Information about its products and services.
Online refill links, patient education, and pharmacy job information at Safeway.
This company specializes in developing and marketing automated systems for “prescription fulfillment solutions for
community, ambulatory, and managed care pharmacies.” Information about it products, services, and customer profiles.
When researching for information-especially Web resources-always follow these guidelines to help you
find reliable and trustworthy information
When answering a drug information question or researching a drug information topic, consider the following
#1 Compliance with national pharmacy standards/best practices guidelines
Is the drug information consistent with national standards and/or guidelines as established in the
United States Pharmacopeia (http://www.usp.org)?
When answering a patient’s information query, is the information given consistent with the patient counseling
requirements determined by the California Board of Pharmacy (http://www.pharmacy.ca.gov)
When answering a response to a patient’s question, is the information provided in compliance with the
recommended practices or best practices for pharmacy technicians? See the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (http://www.ptcb.org) or the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists: Practice Settings
#2 Compliance with treatment protocols/standards of medical community
Is the drug information consistent with the treatment standards and protocols of the medical community?
Is the drug information consistent with recent, and local treatment protocols?
Is the information referenced and reviewed in a professional journal?
If using a web site, is it accredited or supported by a professional association such as the
American Council on Pharmaceutical Education (ACPE)
These 3 criteria must be addressed when formulating and making recommendations.
It is imperative that you cite authoritiatve references in your recommendation.
All Information Sources
Webpages: Techniques to Apply and Questions to Ask
A UC Berkeley - Teaching Library Internet Workshops
Analyzing Information Sources
Developed by Olin-Kroch-Uris Libraries at Cornell University.
and Citing Source
A quick and easy check list to use when determining the quality
of web documents. Prepared by Librarians at CCSF.
help you may contact the Reference Desk by phone at (415)
452-5543 or stop by the East and West reference desks at the Rosenberg
and Citing Information Sources
Electronic Reference Service to CCSF students, faculty, staff and
registered community users. Use this service when you are NOT in
a CCSF library.
and Web Research Workshops
FIfty minute workshops are given throughout the semester on effective
methods in searching for books, articles and information on the
Several useful sources for evaluating the quality of web pages, how
to prepare citations for a "Bibliography" or "Works Cited" list, and
how to avoid plagiarism.
Online Writing Lab
One of the most thorough and easy to navigate writing labs avaialble!
Research and Writing
Hosted by the Internet Public
Process @ CSU
Colorado State University developed these guides which "focus on a
range of composing processes as well as issues related to the situations
in which writers find themselves."
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Last updated December 18, 2003